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Studies and Records
Volume XVII

Published by the Norwegian-American Historical Association, Northfield, Minnesota
Copyright © 1952 by the Norwegian-American Historical Association


On October 6, 1950, at St. Olaf College, the Norwegian-American Historical Association observed its twenty-fifth anniversary with an all-day program which attracted visitors from many parts of the United States and from Norway. Of the many addresses and papers presented on that occasion, two have seemed especially deserving of publication in the present volume. The principal address of the anniversary observance was given at the luncheon meeting by Professor Frank]in D. Scott of Northwestern University on "Controlled Scholarship and Productive Nationalism." Professor Scott's friendly analysis of the work of the Association during its first quarter century possesses the added merit of the objectivity of a non-Scandinavian scholar. The second paper, presented at the afternoon session of the celebration, is a challenge by Dean Theodore C. Blegen to the Association to match and even exceed the accomplishments of the early years in "The Second Twenty-Five Years." Other speakers on the anniversary day told of the impressive record of publications, of which the present volume is the thirty-fifth, the archival collections at St. Olaf College, the museum in Decorah, Iowa, the generous financial support given the Association, and the distinguished leadership given to it by scholars in colleges and universities of the American Middle West.

Two of the articles in the present volume will ultimately appear as parts of books. Publication of Professor Einar Haugen's significant studies of the American-Norwegian language has long been awaited. "The Struggle Over Norwegian" is among the first fruits of his many years of research and it is a privilege to be permitted to include it in this volume. Professor Kenneth Bjork is currently engaged in writing a book on the Scandinavians of the Far West and of Alaska. In the course oŁ his researches he has incidentally assembled widely scattered information concerning the role of Scandinavians in the mining rushes of the Rockies. This article may be regarded as a supplement to the material presented in volume XVI of Studies and Records, which was devoted largely to the Norwegians of the Far West.

The fragments from a play, published in 1839, that have been translated and edited by Professor Oystein Ore, will delight as well as inform the reader. In this primitive and naive effort are revealed the attitudes of the day toward emigration to America. Far more influential in the history of Norwegian emigration was Søren Jaabæk, journalist and poet, who has been given proper recognition by Professor Scott as one of those in Norway who viewed emigration to America with sympathy and understanding. Professor Gerald H. Thorson's thoughtful essay adds to our knowledge of a field that will sooner or later need to receive book-length treatment.

Mr. Hodnefield's bibliographies have become a fixture in these volumes, and the Association is very much in debt to him for his continued invaluable services. Thanks are also due to Helen Katz of St. Paul, Minnesota, who has helped so many of the Association's publications through the press and who has performed much of the editorial work on the present volume.

Carlton C. Qualey
Carleton College
Northfield, Minnesota

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