Linked Histories

Immigrant and Indigenous Peoples

To learn more about the linked histories of immigrants and Indigenous peoples, explore the scholarship by NAHA members listed below.  

Betty Ann Bergland, “Norwegian Immigrants and ‘Indianærne’ in the Landtaking, 1838–1862,” Norwegian American Studies 35 (2000): 319–350.

Betty Ann Bergland, “Norwegian Migration and Displaced Indigenous Peoples: Toward an Understanding of Nordic Whiteness in the Land-Taking,” in Nordic Whiteness and Migration to the USA: A Historical Exploration of Identity, Sverdljuk, Jana, Terje Mikael Hasle Joranger, Erika K. Jackson, and Peter Kivisto. (Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group, 2021). 

Karen V. Hansen, Encounter on the Great Plains: Scandinavian Settlers and the Dispossession of Dakota Indians, 1890–1930 (Oxford University Press, 2013).

Orm Øverland, “Intruders on Native Ground: Troubling Silences and Memories of the Land-Taking in Norwegian Immigrant Letters,” in Transnational American Memories, ed. Udo Hebel (Berlin, Germany, 2009): 79–103.