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Copyright and Permission

The copyright law of the United States (Title 17, U.S. Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyright material. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted works. One of these specified conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship, or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use," the user may be liable for copyright infringement. NAHA reserves the right to refuse to accept a copying order if, in its judgment, fulfillment of the order would involve violation of the copyright law. The granting of permission to publish by NAHA does not absolve users of materials from securing permission from copyright owners and payment of such additional fees as the owners may require if NAHA does not own copyright or if the material is not in the public domain. Applicants assume all responsibility for questions of copyright and invasion of privacy that may arise in copying and in the use made of the copy. The nature of historical archival collections means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult to determine. Whenever possible, NAHA provides information about copyright owners and other restrictions. Legal determination, however, rests with the patron.

Images reproduced from the collections of the NAHA Archives are for viewing and personal use only. Permission for commercial use or any publication, manipulation, display or distribution is only granted by prior written application and approval, and payment of appropriate fees.

Conditions of Use When Receiving Written Permission from NAHA:

  • Credit must be given to NAHA and the creator of the item (e.g. the author or photographer) if known. Each image must be identified using the NAHA identification system.
  • Permission to reproduce, publish, broadcast, display, or distribute an item or text must be requested in writing and permission must be granted in writing. Possession of an item does not constitute permission to reproduce or publish it.
  • Permission is for one-time use only. NAHA retains all rights to the items or text, and the requestor warrants that they will not be used for any purpose other than that formally requested.
  • Normally, NAHA will request that a copy of the publication be donated to the Association.
  • The person requesting permission must secure copyright clearance from the copyright holder, if known. In requesting permission to reproduce materials from the collections of NAHA, the requester agrees to hold harmless NAHA, its officers and employees from any action involving infringement of the rights of any person or heirs and descendants in common law or under statutory copyright.
  • Images may be cropped to suit design and layout, but they may not be altered or drawn upon or manipulated in any way so that they look different from the way they appear in the historical collection.
  • NAHA reserves the right to refuse to grant permission and provide photo reproduction services to publishers and individuals who have not complied with our policies.


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